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2nd September 2018

Hunts On Roads – #NoExcuse

One of the most extraordinary photos Surrey Hunt Monitors has taken is of Morestead Road, near Winchester. It’s an unremarkable road, but at about 2.15pm on Saturday 27 January 2018 it looked like a canine racetrack.

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Funny old place to lay a trail. It would be almost as stupid as on the A1(M) motorway in North Yorkshire (28 January 2017), or through a cat sanctuary in Kent (9 January 2018).

Of course it wasn’t actually the case that a trail was laid in any of these places. In each case the hounds had been following animal scents. In the Morestead Road case, the scent was of two deer which had been chased by the hounds and had crossed the road a short while before.

What happened next was referred to on Twitter as #HuntHavoc. It’s a very appropriate term. It risks lives, not just of the animals being chased and the hounds doing the chasing, but also the people driving on the roads who, at any moment can find themselves in the wrong place at the wrong time, like the driver of this car who had to make an emergency stop and swerve to avoid one of the Morestead Road hounds as it emerged from the undergrowth along the side of the road and into his path:

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For a video of this on Twitter see here.

A driver cannot help his or her instincts. See a dog run out in front of you, and you will do as he did and swerve as well as brake. If a car had been coming the other way, a very nasty collision could well have occurred.

So whose fault would it have been? Not the driver’s, but the owner of the hound. And that’s because dogs on roads are inherently dangerous that the Road Traffic Act 1988 contains a provision – Section 27, subsection (1) – which makes it a criminal offence to cause or permit a dog to be on a road without the dog being held on a lead.

So isn’t it obvious then, that the owners of hounds which go on roads are committing an offence? Actually, no. As with all legal issues connected with hunting, its not so simple as that. The hunting lobby had powerful friends in Parliament when this Act was passed and they ensured an exception for hunts. It reads: “subsection (1) … does not apply to dogs proved … to have been at the material time in use under proper control for sporting purposes”. Hence it is perfectly legal, whilst out hunting, for a pack of well-behaved hounds to trot along a country lane with the hunt in the classic picture-postcard image hunts like to portray.

But the key words for this purpose are “under proper control”. In what possible sense is a hound under proper control if it is on a public road chasing a fox or deer? In the Morestead Road case, it was such a clear cut situation that the local (Hampshire) police investigated and interviewed the relevant hunt, the Hursley Hambledon Hunt. The matter appears to be nearly resolved with a Community Resolution Order, meaning that the hunt accepts responsibility and writes a letter of apology. Whilst not a conviction, it is a step on that road (if the pun will be forgiven) and the Hursley Hambledon Hunt will have to be much more careful in this coming season, since the next offence would likely mean a caution, and the one after that a court appearance.

The “squeeze”

However, there can be other cases where it is arguably not so clear. The hounds may not be on the road for so long, for example, with the hunt arguing the hounds were in fact under control. This is when what lawyers like to call a “squeeze” can be brought into play.

Consider a case where a hunt is accused of unlawful hunting under Section 1 of the Hunting Act 2004. The defence is invariably of “accident”: the hounds were following a trail when they just happened to come across a fox and chased it. The recent Grove and Rufford and Portman Hunt cases are just two examples. Hounds could not be called back (despite best efforts, of course). Or the huntsman was not sufficiently close to the hounds to be in control and hence responsible. But if the huntsman was not close enough to control his hounds, or was close, but not able to control them, and they cross a road, the Section 27 offence surely cannot be avoided: there is a “squeeze” between the two offences. In order to escape the Hunting Act offence, the hunt is inescapably admitting (indeed positively claiming) a lack of control and hence the commission of an offence under the Road Traffic Act.

Hound exercise

Another activity undertaken by hunts is “hound exercise”. This is in principle an unobjectionable behaviour in as far as the hounds are simply taken out for a run. If only hunting were replaced entirely by hound exercise! However, hounds need exercise every day and it must be a significant effort to put them in a van and drive them to somewhere safe to get this. Hence it’s not surprising that some hunts use roads to access nearby fields.

The question is, does the hunting exemption then apply? The clear answer is “no”. To repeat, the relevant language of the defence is (emphasis added): “subsection (1) … does not apply to dogs proved … to have been at the material time in use under proper control for sporting purposes”. The fact the hounds are used three times a week for hunting is of no relevance to the other four days of the week. There is no blanket exemption for foxhounds. When hounds are being taken out for exercise and use a road they must, like any other dog, be on a lead, or else an offence under Section 27 of the Road Traffic Act will be committed.

Some hunts are worse again and do not even bother to take the hounds to a field. One example local to Surrey Hunt Monitors is the Hampshire Hunt. They’re based in a quiet village called Ropley and here one can often see the entire pack being led around the village roads by three cyclists causing chaos:

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… not to mention depositing a large amount of dog mess …

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Two sample incidents have recently been reported to Hampshire police, and we await hearing from them as to if and how they intend to proceed.

Advice for Campaigners and the Public

Convictions under the Road Traffic Act are distinctly second best to Hunting Act convictions, but given the difficulty of the latter, they represent a way forward in controlling the reckless behaviour of hunts. So we offer two bits of advice;

1. If you are out early one morning hoping to catch your local hunt cubbing and only see them exercising their hounds on the local roads, dial 101 and report them under S.27 Road Traffic Act 1988. If the police say hunts are exempt, put them straight.

2. On hunt days, when hunt hounds cross a road in pursuit of a fox or deer, report both illegal hunting and the RTA offence and the chances are the hunt will walk straight into the “squeeze”. Let’s at least stop #HuntHavoc before an innocent person is killed in addition to the thousands of innocent foxes who die every year in so-called trailhunting “accidents”. After all, there is #NoExcuse.

© A Surrey Hunt Monitor

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6 Comments | Leave a comment

  • Patricia Betty says:
    Posted September 16, 2018 at 9:33 am

    Excellent. One question though. What to do if, after dialling 101 and reporting the relevant section in Law, the police refuse to come out, or if they do come out, the dogs are long gone?

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    • HoundsOff says:
      Posted September 29, 2018 at 3:45 pm

      The crucial point to understand here is that modern day policing is statistics-led. So every call that is logged becomes an important statistic and it’s these which influence future policy and targeted funding. So please make sure you ask for, are given and write it down yourself, a Log Number to reference your call.
      It’s highly unlikely that the police will attend but if you do the above then your call will have counted. Does this make sense?

      Reply to this comment >
  • Inger Ardern says:
    Posted September 16, 2018 at 6:02 pm

    Dogs from a Hunt ran into a housing estate in Macclesfield & killed a fox in someones back garden & this was covered by TV & in local papers but noone was prosecuted ?

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    • Alan Kirby says:
      Posted October 17, 2019 at 1:24 pm

      Police said they investigated the Macclesfield incident and either they or the CPS came out with the usual excuse – insufficient evidence.
      Unfortunately the Hunting Act is so badly worded and has so many loopholes that the evidential bar is set so high that its incredibly difficult to gather sufficient evidence for police/CPS to prosecute or even if they do, to have enough to convict. It does seem to be the case that many forces are very reluctant to even try to enforce the Hunting Act. Whether this is due to genuine legal problems or other factors is moot. It seems unlikely anything will change until we can get the Hunting Act significantly strengthened Labour and the Greens have committed to this policy but I’m afraid however ‘animal rights’ the PMs girl friend may be this is something the Tories would never do.

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  • Neil Armstrong says:
    Posted September 19, 2018 at 6:44 pm

    Apart from it’s illegality how is it that 40 or so large long legged fast hounds chasing a smallish animal in the case of a fox is even in any way a sport there is no equivalency of winning the “race” & survival additionally the dogs have an overseer/director to aid them.

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  • Alan Kirby says:
    Posted September 24, 2018 at 1:01 am

    Excellent piece. I’m imaging the Hunt arguing here – ‘We maintain that the exercise of hounds on public roads, under proper control, is legal because the purpose of keeping the hounds is to provide ‘sport’ for hunt members and therefore exercising them to keep them fit is in and of itself part of that ‘sporting purpose’. You need to establish that they were not under proper control. We maintain they were.’ Chances are they’ll find an expensive lawyer clever enough to allow them to wriggle out of a guilty verdict under S.27. But still worth our trying to get them done. Having to agree to the CRO must have pissed them off no end and hopefully will constrain their and perhaps other Hunts’ future behaviour. Anything that will make life harder for them is worth a try.

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